visor2™ is the complete solution for the most advanced research in neuromodulation and allows users to accurately evaluate functional organization of the human cortex using non-invasive, navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).
It comes with an accurate real-time 3D neuronavigation, simultaneous EEG-TMS recording and intuitive step-by-step workflows for functional mapping. The visor2 solution supports a broad range of TMS stimulation coils and can be adapted to specific fields of applications and available budget.
Basic: the compact visor2 basic is an ideal tool for routine use where straight-forward and swift operation is a must for the reproduction of rTMS application. It supports the use of a standard MRI head model or individual MRI import and provides a complete set of functions for precise and easy-to-use navigated TMS.
Premium: the visor2 premium configuration integrates navigated TMS-EMG recordings (2-, 6- and 8- channel EMG) with real-time 3D visualization of stimulated brain areas for accurate motor mapping. It comes with the full neuronavigation software package including segmentation and head modelling features for navigation with individual MRI’s and dual-coil navigation support. It also enables colored DICOM export of mapped functional hotspots for further review and processing.
Multimodal: the visor2 multimodal configuration has all features to satisfy even the most demanding research requirements for combined EEG-EMG-TMS recordings (2-, 6- and 8- channel EMG). It delivers all functionality of visor2 premium like dual coil navigation and colored DICOM export. On top of that, visor2 multimodal license allows combined EEG-TMS recordings with 64 EEG channels and 6 EMG-channels.
Mapping: the visor2 mapping solution integrates multi-channel EMG mapping of motor function with individual MRI and colored export to DICOM images. It allows highly intuitive navigation over targeted brain areas and combines synchronized video-audio, visual objection presentation and support for repetitive TMS in a flexible mapping workflow of language-eloquent cortex.
High precision MRI-guided e-field neuronavigation with real-time visualization of stimulated brain areas on a standard MRI or individual patient MRI import
Enables simultaneous tracking of up to two TMS coils
Seamless EEG-EMG-TMS multimodality integration with ANT Neuro eego™ EEG/EMG amplifier solution
Intuitive step-by-step workflow for the mapping of speech and motor functions
Targeting assistance for reproducibility across all sessions
Colored DICOM export of mapped functional hotspots
Addons for xensor™ EEG electrode digitizer and smartmove™ coil positioning robot available
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TMS of the occipital face area modulates cross-domain identity priming. Brain Structure and Function, 224(1), 149--157.
Alm, Per A and Karlsson, Ragnhild and Sundberg, Madeleine and Axelson, Hans W. (2013).
Hemispheric Lateralization of Motor Thresholds in Relation to Stuttering. PLoS ONE, 8(10).
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Comparison between adaptive and fixed stimulus paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (ppTMS) in normal subjects. Clinical Neurophysiology Practice, 2, 91.
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Somatotopic effects of rTMS in neuropathic pain? A comparison between stimulation over hand and face motor areas. European journal of pain (London, England), 22(4), 707.
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The Number of Pulses Needed to Measure Corticospinal Excitability by Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Eyes Open vs. Close Condition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11.
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Offline continuous theta burst stimulation over right inferior frontal gyrus and pre-supplementary motor area impairs inhibition during a go/no-go task. Neuropsychologia, 99, 360.
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MRI-guided dmPFC-rTMS as a Treatment for Treatment-resistant Major Depressive Disorder. Journal of visualized experiments: JoVE, 102(e53129), 2015.
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Abnormal functional connectivity within resting-state networks is related to rTMS-based therapy effects of treatment resistant depression: A pilot study. Journal of affective disorders, 218, 75.
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Decreased neural activity and neural connectivity while performing a set-shifting task after inhibiting repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on the left dorsal prefrontal cortex. BMC Neuroscience, 16.
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Neural Substrate for Metacognitive Accuracy of Tactile Working Memory. Cerebral cortex (New York, NY: 1991), 27(11), 5343.
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Corticospinal excitability during the processing of handwritten and typed words and non-words. Neuroscience letters, 651, 232.
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Focal seizure induced by preoperative navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with anaplastic oligoastrocytoma. Brain stimulation, 10(2), 331.
Hartmann, T and Lorenz, I and Müller, N and Langguth, B and Weisz, N. (2014).
The effects of neurofeedback on oscillatory processes related to tinnitus. Brain topography, 27(1), 149.
Iwabuchi, SJ and Raschke, F and Auer, DP and Liddle, PF and Lankappa, ST and Palaniyappan, L. (2017).
Targeted transcranial theta-burst stimulation alters fronto-insular network and prefrontal GABA.. NeuroImage, 146, 395.
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Visual attentional load influences plasticity in the human motor cortex. The Journal of neuroscience: the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 32(20), 7001.
Kamke, MR and Vieth, HE and Cottrell, D and Mattingley, JB. (2012).
Parietal disruption alters audiovisual binding in the sound-induced flash illusion. NeuroImage, 62(3), 1334.
Kennefick, Michael and Maslovat, Dana and Carlsen, Anthony N. (2014).
The Time Course of Corticospinal Excitability during a Simple Reaction Time Task. PLoS ONE, 9(11).
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Deep continuous theta burst stimulation of the operculo-insular cortex selectively affects A$\delta$-fibre heat pain. The Journal of physiology, 596(19), 4767.
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Concordance Between BeamF3 and MRI-neuronavigated Target Sites for Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex. Brain stimulation, 8(5), 965.
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Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation ( rTMS ) for progressive supranuclear palsy ( PSP ).
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Does trans-spinal direct current stimulation alter phrenic motoneurons and respiratory neuromechanical outputs in humans? A double-blind, sham-controlled, randomized, crossover study. The Journal of neuroscience: the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(43), 14420.
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Validating computationally predicted TMS stimulation areas using direct electrical stimulation in patients with brain tumors near precentral regions. NeuroImage: Clinical, 4, 500.
Pattamadilok, C and Bulnes, LC and Devlin, JT and Bourguignon, M and Morais, J and Goldman, S and Kolinsky, R. (2015).
How Early Does the Brain Distinguish between Regular Words, Irregular Words, and Pseudowords during the Reading Process? Evidence from Neurochronometric TMS. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 27(6), 1259.
Pommier, B and Quesada, C and Fauchon, C and Nuti, C and Vassal, F and Peyron, R. (2018).
Added value of multiple versus single sessions of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in predicting motor cortex stimulation efficacy for refractory neuropathic pain.. Journal of neurosurgery, 1.
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Robot-Guided Neuronavigated Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Central Neuropathic Pain. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 99(11), 2203.
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Presence and Absence of Muscle Contraction Elicited by Peripheral Nerve Electrical Stimulation Differentially Modulate Primary Motor Cortex Excitability. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11.
Schulze, L and Remington, G and Giacobbe, P and Kennedy, SH and Blumberger, DM and Daskalakis, ZJ and Downar, J. (2017).
Effect of antipsychotic pharmacotherapy on clinical outcomes of intermittent theta-burst stimulation for refractory depression. Journal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England), 31(3), 312.
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Magnetic stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex dissociates fragile visual short-term memory from visual working memory. Neuropsychologia, 49(6), 1578.
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Assessing the Effect of Early Visual Cortex Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Working Memory Consolidation. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 29(7), 1226.
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Sensorimotor Cortex Reorganization in Subacute and Chronic Stroke: a Neuronavigated TMS Study. Conference proceedings:... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference, 2014, 5788.
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